The Indonesian Archipelago consists of about 17,500 islands and has a coastline of 81,000 km. The region is a centre of biodiversity with highly productive ecosystems such as coral reefs, mangroves and sea grass meadows. These ecosystems stabilize the coastlines, are repositories of significant genetic and biological information, and play a vital role in the lives of coastal population as a source of food, energy and income. Today these coastal ecosystems are under enormous pressure from rapid social and economic changes.

The overarching goal of the SPICE Programme is to address the scientific, social and economic issues related to the management of the Indonesian coastal ecosystems and their resources. In addition to strengthening the existing scientific data base, the programme promotes capacity and infrastructure building in the marine sector in Indonesia and Germany and contributes to education and public awareness.

The first phase of the SPICE Programme (2003-2007) provided significant information on the structure and functioning of coastal ecosystems covering mangroves, coral reefs, coastal pelagic systems and peat swamps, and on their alterations due to human interventions. The focus on natural sciences was complemented by social science during the second phase (2007-2010). After the evaluation of both programme phases the Indonesian-German Steering Committee on Earth and Ocean Science recommended the continuation of the SPICE Programme. New research topics were jointly agreed as follows:

1. Marine Biodiversity, Food Security & Sustainability
2. Climate Change and the Oceans: Carbon Sequestration in the Indonesian Seas & their Global Significance
3. Understanding and Managing the Resilience of Coral Reefs and Associated Social Systems
4. Terrestrial Influences on Mangroves Ecology and Sustainability of their Resources
5. Marine Geology and Geochemistry
6. Ocean Renewable Energy
7. Capacity Building


Project Partners (Germany)


International Project Partners

Universities and Research Institutions

University of Bremen
- Department of Marine Chemistry (UnivB-FB2)
- Center for Environmental Research and Sustainable Technology

Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research

Research Centre Geesthacht

University of Hamburg
- Institute of Oceanography

Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology

Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel
- Research and Technology Centre Westcoast

Carl von Ossietzky University

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research

Private Sector

Alpha Biocare Company, Düsseldorf
4H Jena Engineering Ltd., Jena
Deutsche Umwelt AG Kiel
  Universities and Research Institutions

Technology Institute Bandung

Agricultural University

Research Institute for Mariculture

Research Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnology

Hasanuddin University
- Centre for Coral Reef Research

Research Institute for Open Water Fisheries

University of Riau
- Department of Fisheries and Marine Sciences
- Department of Chemistry

Jenderal Soedirman University

University of Diponegoro

Institute for Technology

Private Sector

PT. Nuansa Ayu Karamba, Jakarta