Small scale fisheries on Zanzibar

Drivers and Effects of Coastal and Marine Governance and Use

Programme Area II focuses on the study and interplay of the economic, social and ecological factors that drive the governance and use of tropical ecosystems and their resources and how this in turn affects the social-ecological systems investigated.

As multi-use areas, coastal zones harbour a great number of stakeholders with often conflicting interests. These include fishermen, aquaculturists, agriculturists, port and ship constructors, urban and tourism developers, tourists, conservationists, municipality employees and others. The scientific challenge in this context is to identify the main drivers of ecological and social processes of the coastal zone and to understand the feedback of management measures on the systems. To respond to this challenge, research under Programme Area II concentrates on social-ecological dynamics, compares different management and governance approaches, and seeks to evaluate the ecological, social and economic sustainability of different management and governance strategies.

Programme Area II also addresses the effect of upstream management on coastal ecosystems and the influence of land use change on fluxes of carbon and nutrients, as well as pollutants, which affect the ecology of downstream aquatic systems. Closely connected to this are governance and management questions regarding human perceptions of ecosystem changes and how they affect environmentally relevant human attitudes and behaviour.