The political economy of coastal resource governance transformation in Ghana


The sustainability of coastal resource systems requires institutional change and appropriate governance arrangements. Since the early 1990s, co-management has emerged as a promising institutional arrangement for sustainable coastal resource governance. However, the transition to co-management regimes has faced challenges in many tropical countries. In Ghana, efforts to transition centralised management to a co-management regime in coastal fisheries have not been successful despite the existence of enabling conditions. This study examines the challenges of the governance change in coastal fisheries in Ghana. The study finds that a concatenation of contextual socio-political dynamics and institutional path-dependencies hindered the governance transformation. The study underscores the need for a broader consideration of the socio-political and institutional dynamics of the resource context in governance transformation for sustainability in the coastal blue economy.

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